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COVID-19: Mokhoa oa ho Thibela Coronavirus

Lijo tse tloaelehileng tsa Keto

Li-coronaviruses, tse khutsufalitsoeng e le Cov, ke sehlopha se pharalletseng sa livaerase tse ka tšoaetsang liphoofolo le batho. Ho batho, ba ka hlahisa mefuta e fapaneng ea mafu a ho hema, ho tloha ho sefuba se tloaelehileng ho ea ho pneumonia e matla (tšoaetso ea matšoafo). Boholo ba likokoana-hloko tsena ha li kotsi ebile li na le kalafo. Ho feta moo, batho ba bangata ba tšoaelitsoe mofuta oa coronavirus bophelong ba bona, hangata nakong ea bongoana. Le ha e le khafetsa linakong tse batang haholo, joalo ka hoetla le mariha, o ka li ts'oara nako efe kapa efe ea selemo. Li-coronaviruses li rehiloe bakeng sa li-spikes tse kang moqhaka holimo. Li-Coronaviruses li na le lihlopha tse kholo tsa 4 tse tsejoang ka hore ke alpha, beta, gamma le delta.

Litloaelo tse Tloaelehileng tsa Batho

  • 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  • HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

Lits'oaetso tsa Coronavirus

Lilemong tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng, coronavirus e bakile likoluoa ​​tse tharo tse akaretsang:

  • SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome): E ne e le lefu la phefumoloho le qalileng naheng ea China ka 2002 mme hamorao la hasana lefatšeng ka bophara, la ama batho ba 8000 mme la bolaea batho ba 700. Ha ho na nyeoe ea SARS-CoV e ngolisitsoeng ho tloha 2004.
  • MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome): Nyeoe ea pele ea MERS-CoV e tlalehiloe Saudi Arabia ka 2012, e bakileng likotsi tse 2400 le likotsi tsa 800. Nyeoe ea ho qetela e etsahetse ka Loetse 2019.
  • COVID-19 (lefu la Coronavirus 2019): Nyeoe ea pele e senotsoe Chaena qetellong ea selemo sa 2019. Hajoale, ho tlalehiloe linyeoe tse 117,000 mme ba ngolisitse lefu la 4257. Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) le Setsi sa Taolo ea Mafu (CDC) ba theha liprothokhotho tse matla tsa polokeho le liphutuho tsa thibelo.

Covid-19

COVID-19 novel coronavirus ke lefu le phefumolohang le simolohang ho tsoa ho sefuba se tloaelehileng ho tloha ho pneumonia e sokelang bophelo. E ile ea tsebisoa ka lekhetlo la pele Wuhan, China ka Pherekhong 2019 ka tšohanyetso mme ea phatlalala lefatšeng ka bophara. Pholoso ea Seoa

Ho nahanoa hore tšimoloho ea coronavirus ena e tsoa mohloling oa liphoofolo. Patlisiso e 'ngoe e bontša hore e tsoa ho noha, ha ba bang ba pheha khang ea hore e tsoa malulong. Ka tsela efe kapa efe, e fetiselitsoe ho batho. Batho ba ka fetisetsa vaerase ho ba bang ka marotholi a ho hema (ho khohlela le ho thimola) ka sebaka sa limithara tse 6. O ka tšoaetsoa hape haeba o ama metsi a tsoang ka holim'a maro a motho a nang le tšoaetso (mathe, ho nyekeloa ka nasal, jj.).

matšoao a

Ke ts'oaetso e matla ea ho phefumoloha e hlahisang matšoao a latelang: feberu, ho khohlela, ho thimola, ho nyekeloa ke nko, hlooho, mokhathala, ho hloka botsitso le ho hema ka thata ho hema. Matšoao a ka ba bonolo, a itekanetse, kapa a ba matla. Haeba e sa tšoaroe ka nepo, e ka lebisa ho ruruha ea pulmonary syndrome, ho se sebetse hantle ha methapo e mengata, le lefu.

 

Thibelo ea Coronavirus

Joalo ka kajeno, ha ho na ente e thibelang ho thibela COVID-19. Mokhoa o motle oa ho thibela lefu lena ke ho qoba tšoaetso ea vaerase. Shebella video ena ea bohlokoa ho ithuta ho eketsehileng ka hore na o ka qoba ho pepeseha joang nakong ea seoa.

Thibelo ea COVID-19

Ntle le ho shebella video, etsa bonnete ba hore u latela tataiso ena ho tsoa ho CDC. CDC e khothalelitse mekhoa ena e latelang ea polokeho ea letsatsi le letsatsi ho thibela ho ata ha lefu lena:

  1. Qoba kamano e haufi le batho ba kulang.
  2. Qoba ho ama mahlo, nko le molomo.
  3. Lula hae haeba u kula 'me u sebelise maske sefahleho ho thibela ho hasana ho ba bang.
  4. Koahela nko le molomo ka lithane tse ling ntle le ho khohlela kapa u thimola, 'me u li lahlele ka moqomong. U ka koahela molomo ka seqha haeba u sena sesepa sa letsoho.
  5. Hlatsoa matsoho khafetsa ka metsi le sesepa bonyane metsotsoana e 20, haholo-holo ka mor'a ho ea ntloaneng, pele u e-ja le ka mor'a ho khohlela kapa ho thimola. Haeba u sena metsi le sesepa hona joale, u ka sebelisa sanitizer ea letsoho e bonyane 60% joala. U lokela ho hlatsoa matsoho kamehla haeba a le litšila.
  6. Hlatsoa le ho bolaea lintho tse bolaeang likokoana-hloko le libaka tse otlang ka hanyane tse sa tsoa ama. U ka sebelisa sesepa se thibelang likokoana-hloko kapa thaole ka metsi le sesepa.
  7. Mekhatlo ea bophelo bo botle e khothaletsa ho qoba ho nka maeto ao eseng a bohlokoa ho ea China kapa Korea Boroa.
  8. Haeba u etetse naheng efe kapa efe 'me u ka hlaheloa ke motho ea tšoaelitsoeng, u lokela ho hlahlojoa matsatsi a 14 a latelang haeba matšoao a mang a qala ho hlaha.
  9. Khutsa 'me u leke ho latela tataiso ho fokotsa kotsi ea tšoaetso.

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